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Photobiological Safety of Lamps  
 

 

 

Throughout the world, a new framework is in place for the evaluation of the optical radiation safety of lamps and lamp systems covering non-laser electrically- powered sources emitting light in the spectral region 200-3000nm. Whilst standards vary between countries, they stem from the same source and as such show a high degree of commonality to the international standard IEC62471:2004.

    

 

Faced with a complex series of measurements of spectral irradiance and spectral radiance over wide spectral

range, and in response to the recommended measurement instrumentation of IEC62471 (notably the use of a

double monochromator to provide excellent stray light rejection and high spectral resolution wide spectral range),

Bentham has configured the IDR300-PSL measurement system.

 

Incorporating products from the long-established Bentham spectroradiometer and accessories portfolio, plus the

introduction of new products designed to meet the specific requirements of these measurements, the IDR300-PSL

system provides an automated measurement solution with full software guidance, calculation and classification.

 

Skin or cornea hazard

Actinic UV skin & eye

ES

200-400nm

Eye UV-A

EUVA

315-400nm

Blue light small source

EB

300-700nm

Eye IR

EIR

780-3000nm

Skin thermal

EH

380-3000nm

Retinal hazard

Blue light

LB

300-700nm

Retinal thermal

LR

380-1400nm

Retinal thermal (weak)

LIR

780-1400nm

 

In consideration of six hazards to the skin and eye, measurements of spectral irradiance are performed over the

range 200-3000nm and spectral radiance 300-1400nm.

 

At the heart of the system is the IDR300 integrated double spectroradiometer combining:

 

flexibility of turret-mounted diffraction gratings for uninterrupted measurement over a wide spectral range

motorised slits to vary instrument bandwidth gratings for uninterrupted measurement range

stray light performance of a double monochromator, a key factor in the UV region

integrated DC electronics

3 detector ports

fully computer-controlled through WindowsR application, BenWin+

USB interface

 

 

(see system schematic SysSch_IDR300.pdf  IDR300.pdf)

 

According to the measured quantity, the appropriate input optic should be used to define the geometry of

measurement from which light is coupled into the spectroradiometer.

 

To measure spectral irradiance, we require an input optic to measure light arriving from the entire hemisphere

above the measurement plane. The D7 diffuser, having the exceptionally low cosine error of f2<1%, accurately

measures this quantity over the range 200-1100nm.

 

To measure spectral radiance, we require an input optic to measure in a given field of view to mimic the imaging

function of the human eye. According to the standard, there are three key fields of view, two of which are

measured with the TEL309 telescope.

 

TEL309 Telescope    D7 Diffuser

 

 

 

In order to achieve both given field of view and use over the range 200mm to several metres, the TEL309 consists

of a motorised relay optic and wheel of apertures with a USB camera viewer for the user to view the FOV.

 

Accompanying the system is a set of 3 calibration standards, with calibration traceable to NPL , UK , to provide the

user with a traceable calibration chain, an important aspect of consideration in accreditation. Guidance is also

provided in the determination of source subtense, required in the evaluation of the retinal hazards.

 

 
       
 

 

Asia Qtech Instrument Inc
4F-B, No 327, Sec. 1, Tiding Blvd., Neihu District, Taipei, Taiwan
Tel:+886-2-27966289 Fax:+886-2-27956098